Journal : Small 
Volume : 2003104 
issue :  
page : 1-8 
year : 2020 
authors : Min Chang Shin†, Jae Ho Kim†, Seunghoon Nam†, Yun Ji Oh, Hyoung-Joon Jin, Chong Rae Park, Qiang Zhang, Seung Jae Yang 
DOI: : 10.1002/smll.202003104 
pubdate : 2020-06-25 
region : International 
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Continuous efforts have been made to achieve nanostructured carbon materials with highly ordered graphitic structures using facile synthetic methods. 3D graphite nanoballs (GNBs) are synthesized by the low‐temperature pyrolysis of a non‐graphitizable precursor, tannic acid (TA). Abundant phenol groups on TA bind to Ni2+ to form metal‐phenolic coordination, which renders each Ni cation to be atomically distributed by the TA ligands. Even at low temperatures (1000 °C), highly ordered graphitic structure is promoted by the distributed Ni nanoparticles that act as a graphitization catalyzer. The crystallinity of the GNB is fully corroborated by the intense 2D peak observed in Raman spectroscopy. In particular, the graphitic layers have orientations pointing toward multidirections, which are beneficial for the rapid transport of Li‐ions into graphite grains. The resulting materials exhibit outstanding electrochemical performance (120 mAh g−1 at 5 C and 282 mAh g−1 at 0.5 C after 500 cycles) when evaluated as a fast‐chargeable negative electrode for lithium ion batteries.

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